Project Sources

  1. Agnel, Robert Julian. “Ottawa River ‘Kichesippi’ – The Great River.” World Wide Panorama.  June 20, 2005.
  2. Bardolph, Richard. “Social Origins of Distinguished Negroes, 1770-1865: Part I.” The Journal of Negro History 40, no. 3 (July 1955): 211-249.
  3. Benneman, William. Male-Male Intimacy in Early America. New York: Harrington Park Press, 2006.
  4. Brandt, Stefan L. “The American Revolution and Its Other: Indigenous Resistance Writing from William Apess to Sherman Alexie.” AAA: Arbeiten Aus Anglistik Und Amerikanistik. 42, no. 1 (2017) 35-56,
  5. Britannica, T. Editors of Encyclopaedia. “Mary Brant.” Encyclopedia Britannica. April 12, 2022.
  6. Cave, Alfred A. “The Delaware Prophet Neolin: A Reappraisal.” Ethnohistory 46, no. 2 (Spring, 1999): 265-290,
  7. Conrad, Peter and Joseph W. Schneider. “Homosexuality: From Sin to Sickness to Life-Style.” In Deviance and Medicalization: From Badness to Sickness. Temple University Press, 1992.
  8. Danvers, Gail D. “Gendered Encounters: Warriors, Women, and William Johnson.” Journal of American Studies 35, no. 2 part 2 (Aug. 2001): 187-202.
  9. Eleanor. “The Little Lion of Valley Forge.” Tumblr. Accessed September 26, 2022.
  10. Franklin, Benjamin. “From Benjamin Franklin to George Washington, 4 September 1777.” Founders Online, National Archives. Accessed November 7, 2022.
  11. Find A Grave. “Phillis Wheatley.” Find A Grave. Accessed October 3, 2022.
  12. Godbeer, Richard. The Overflowing of Friendship. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009.
  13. Kane, Maeve. “‘She Did Not Open Her Mouth Further’: Haudenosaunee Women as Military and Political Targets during and after the American Revolution.” In Women in the American Revolution: Gender, Politics, and the Domestic World. Ed. Barbara B. Oberg. University of Virginia Press, 2019.
  14. Khomina, Anna. “A Poet Enslaved and Enlightened.” U.S. History Scene. Accessed October 3, 2022.
  15. Lockhart, Paul. The Drillmaster of Valley Forge. Washington: Smithsonian Books, 2008.
  16. Macleitch, Gail D. “‘Your Women Are of No Small Consequence’: Native American Women, Gender, and Early American History.” In The Practice of U.S. Women’s History: Narratives, Intersections, and Dialogues. Eds. S. Jay Kleinberg, Eileen Boris, and Vicki L. Ruis. Rutgers University Press, 2007.
  17. Maxwell, Thomas J.  “Pontiac Before 1763.” Ethnohistory. 4, no. 1 (Winter 1957): 43,
  18. Middleton, Richard. “Pontiac: Local Warrior or Pan-Indian Leader?” Michigan Historical Review. 32, no. 2 (Fall 2006): 1-32,
  19. “Molly Brant.” History of American Women: Colonial Women ❘ 18th – 19th Century Women ❘ Civil War Women. Accessed September 13, 2022. Molly Brant | History of American Women (
  20. Monticello. “Jefferson and American Indians.” Monticello. Accessed October 2, 2022.
  21. National Archives. “General Orders, 3 March 1778.” Founders Online, National Archives. Accessed October 23, 2022.
  22. ———.  Declaration of Independence. July 4, 1776.
  23. National Park Service. “General von Steuben.” NPS. August 20th, 2021.
  24. ———. “Konwatsi’tsiaienni – Molly Brant.” NPS. October 8, 2022. Konwatsi’tsiaienni — Molly Brant (U.S. National Park Service) (
  25. Noel, Jan V. “Revisiting Gender in Iroquoia.” From Gender and Sexuality in Indigenous North America, 1400-1850. Eds. Sandra Slater and Fay A. Yarbrough. University of South Carolina Press, 2012.
  26. Ohio History Central. “Pontiac.” Ohio History Connection. Accessed October 2, 2022.
  27. O’Neale, Sondra A.  “Phillis Wheatley.” Poetry Foundation. Accessed October 3, 2022.
  28. Phyllis Wheatley Community Center. “Programs.” Phyllis Wheatley Community Center. Accessed October 3, 2022.
  29. Rindfleisch, Bryan. “Pontiac’s Rebellion.” Mount Vernon. Accessed October 2, 2022.
  30. Schenawolf, Harry. “Baron von Steuben: A Gay Warrior Who Taught Washington’s Army How to Fight.” Revolutionary War Journal. July 25, 2015.
  31. Shay, Brian M.  “After 230 years, the ‘Blue Book’ still guides NCOs.” U.S. Army. November 2, 2009.
  32. Smith, Eleanor. “Phillis Wheatley: A Black Perspective.” The Journal of Negro Education. 43, no. 3 (Summer, 1974): 401-407,
  33. Swartz, Ellen E. “Removing the Master Script: Benjamin Banneker ‘Re-Membered'”. Journal of Black Studies 44, no. 1 (January 2013): 31-49. https:/
  34. Sweeny, Alistair. Thomas Mackay: The Laird of Rideau Hall and the Founding of Ottawa. University of Ottawa Press, 2022.
  35. Sweet, John Wood. “Unsettling Sex: Lessons from Colonial North America.” Transformations: The Journal of Inclusive Scholarship and Pedagogy 21, no. 2 (Fall 2010/Winter 2011): 59-79.
  36. Talley, Colin L. “Gender and Male Same-Sex Erotic Behavior in British North America in the Seventeenth Century.” Journal of the History of Sexuality 6, no. 3 (January 1996): 385-408.
  37. Tiro, Karim M. “A ‘Civil’ War? Rethinking Iroquois Participation in the American Revolution.” Explorations in Early American Culture 4 (2000): 148-165.
  38. Wheatley, Phillis. Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral. London: A. Bell, 1773.
  39. Wieneck, Henry. Master of the Mountain: Thomas Jefferson and His Slaves. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2013.